This is an informational tour in which students gain a basic understanding of geologic time, the evidence for events in Earth’s history, relative and absolute dating techniques, and the significance of the Geologic Time Scale.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: archaeological context CATEGORY: term; technique DEFINITION: The time and space setting of an artifact, feature, or culture.
gravel, clay, or sand), its provenience (horizontal and vertical position within the matrix), and its association with other artifacts (occurrence together with other archeological remains, usually in the same matrix).
The assessment of context includes study of what has happened to the find since it was buried in the ground.
Relative dating stems from the idea that something is younger or older relative to something else.
The Mayan calendar used 3114 BC as their reference.
If such an artifact is found out of context, it may suggest the previous presence of a burial, the robbery of a burial, or a place of manufacture of the pots that accompanied burials.
An artifact's context usually consists of its immediate matrix (the material surrounding it e.g.
It is different from geoarchaeology in that the latter is a subfield of archaeology focusing on the physical context of deposits.
that involves isolating, describing, and structuring data, usually by typological classification, along with chronological, functional, technological, and constituent determinations.