Substance Abuse Publications for your review (2002) "Strength-Based Strategies for Prevention." The Blue Book.
National Catholic Council on Alcoholism and Related Drug Problems, Inc.: Lafayette, IN Click here to download the full article (December 2000) "The Truth about Addiction." American Bar Association - Child Law Practice Journal –, 19(10), 145-152.
 In addition, substance abuse produces antisocial behavior in youth. Severe substance abuse is associated with increased rates of offending and more serious offenses. Furthermore, the younger the child is at the onset of substance use usually reflects greater probabilities for severe and chronic offending. For example, in 2010, the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission found that twenty-five percent of all the juveniles referred were “frequent drug users.” In 2009, forty-seven percent of children committed to the Texas Youth Commission were chemically dependent. Less than half of these chemically dependent children received any type of substance abuse treatment.
 The development of effective substance abuse treatment programs for juvenile offenders should be considered a “vital component” for overall rehabilitation efforts. Many jurisdictions have realized the prevalence of substance abuse among their youthful offenders and have taken action.
Helpers are literally talking themselves out of effectiveness. It's not only important WHO talks but WHAT is talked about.Does your teen have a physical dependence on drugs or alcohol?Or is the risky behavior driven by peer pressure, an underlying conduct disorder or family conflict?In response, juvenile drug courts have become popular. These specialty courts are designed to provide various services in order to promote intervention, treatment, and structure. Despite mixed results of their effectiveness, juvenile drug courts have proliferated. Some criticisms of juvenile drug courts include the lack of parental involvement in the treatment process. Moreover, since every juvenile drug court is unique, many have yet to adopt and integrate comprehensive evidence-based substance abuse treatment programs. Juvenile drug courts that have successfully reduced recidivism of criminal behavior and substance abuse have utilized family-based intervention in order to improve caregiver supervision. Increasing caregiver engagement in the treatment services creates better outcomes. In the reverse, the caregiver’s substance abuse problem is considered a “key predictor” for a child’s non-responsive outcome to the juvenile drug court’s attempted interventions. Success is also dependent on the juvenile drug court’s use of evidence-based substance abuse treatment programs designed specifically for youth. Interventions that yield the most positive results are behavioral-oriented and include services for both the offending youth and their adult caregivers. Some of the most successful intervention programs include Functional Family Therapy (FFT), Multisystemic Therapy (MST), and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is considered highly cost effective. This program provides an in-home therapist to work closely with the youthful offenders and their family. FFT’s primary goals are to engage and motivate parents. The program focuses on improving family member interactions by teaching the entire family beneficial problem solving skills, enhancing emotional connections, and equipping caregivers with the skills necessary to provide appropriate structure for their children. Another successful program is Multisystemic Therapy (MST). MST provides similar services as Functional Family Therapy (FFT). In addition, this program provides assistance in maintaining communication and working relationships with other systems that the child may be involved in such as foster care and school. MST is a more intensive and expensive program than FFT, because it involves more comprehensive services. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has also been successful in treating youth who struggle with substance abuse.CBT seeks intervention through promoting structured goal setting, planning, and repetitive practice. This program’s primary goal is to alter the child’s thinking processes. Across the different successful intervention programs, one constant exists. 255, 256 (April 2007) [hereinafter Young] (“A strong positive association between youths’ drug use and crime has been well established… al., Protect Youth and Communities By Implementing Responsible Juvenile Justice Strategies Throughout Texas, 11 (Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, 2011) [hereinafter Cunico].